constitutional law of india pdf

The exception to this rule is in the state.
However, when the administration of taxes became too unwieldy for one Board to handle, the Board was split up into two, namely the Central Board of Direct Taxes and Central Board of Excise and Customs with effect from This bifurcation was brought about by constitution.The constitution also permits the central government to participate in police operations and organisation by authorising the maintenance of the Indian Police Service.32 However, after independence, efforts have been made to modernise various aspects of personal law and bring about uniformity among various religions.Indian Police Service test my hdd speed mac (IPS) officers are recruited by the Union Public Service Commission asm handbook volume 8 pdf through a competitive nationwide examination.Basu, Durga Das (2007).At the federal level, the many agencies are part of the Union Ministry of Home Affairs, and support the states in their duties.Income Tax is levied by the Central Government under the Income Tax Act 1961.8 With the advent of the British Raj, there was a break in tradition, and Hindu and Islamic law were abolished in favour of British common law.23 In recognising state liability, constitutional tort deviates from established norms in tort law.The responsibility of collecting the tax lies with the Central Board of Excise and Customs (cbec).Contract law edit Main article: Indian contract law The main contract law in India is codified in the Indian Contract Act, which came into effect on 1 September 1872 and extends to all India except the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Originally Indian Sales of Goods Act and Partnership Act were part of Indian Contract act, but due to needed amendment these acts were separated from Contract Act.
United Nations guidelines on human rights law and the environmental law.

The appearance of similar fundamental institutions of international law in various parts of the world show that they are inherent in international society, irrespective of culture and tradition.Indian Constitution, Indian laws also adhere to the.To achieve this objective, the rate of Central Excise and Service Tax will be progressively altered and brought to a common rate.Outlines of Muhammadan Law (5th.).The authority to levy a tax is derived from the Constitution of India which allocates the power to levy various taxes between the Centre and the State.Although the Constitution of India bars multiple citizenship, the Parliament of India passed on, a law creating a new form of very limited dual nationality called Overseas Citizenship of India.
Law of India refers to the system of law in modern, india.